New Delhi: Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory condition that affects more than just the joints. Various conditions in the body can damage certain individual systems, including the skin, eyes, lungs, heart, and blood vessels. Unlike osteoarthritis, which causes wear and tear on your joints, rheumatoid arthritis affects the lining of your joints, causing painful swelling that can eventually lead to bone erosion and joint deformity.
However, if the issue is caught early, it can be well controlled with medication and lifestyle changes. ABP Live They sought the opinion of experts in the field who shared ways to manage Rheumatoid Arthritis.
Considering lifestyle changes, here are some suggestions from Naval Mendiratta, Senior Consultant Department of Rheumatology, Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurugram.
1. Let everyone flee; All medical studies in patients with arthritis have proven that it aggravates arthritis by 5 times if they smoke. It increases protein citrullination (anti-ccp antibody), which is the causative antibody in arthritis patients. Hence, if you are a patient with arthritis, you need to stop smoking altogether.
2. Regular exercises: When everything is brought to our thresholds, our daily number of steps remains less than 2000, unless we exercise in our daily routine. Regular aerobic exercise works its magic in patients with arthritis, as increased blood circulation reduces joint pain and stiffness. So we need to include exercise in our daily routine as it helps fight stress and lowers the pain economy in the body and frees the movement of all our joints.
3. Fat: Brown fat in patients with a high Body Mass Index has been shown to increase C Reactive Protein which is a sensitive marker for measuring arthritis. People who are obese have a high chance of being the first to have a knee replacement. Rheumatoid arthritis medications are also less effective in obese patients, with constant requirements for higher doses than usual. So, cutting weight with good diet and exercise helps you maintain strong joints.
4. Stress: Working hard hours, the force prevails in young people these days, which leads to a primordial rise in blood pressure and even in the first heart attacks. Stress is known to worsen all autoimmune diseases. When necessary, we must learn how to do it better. Getting 6 to 7 hours of good sleep, 10 minutes of meditation, and the remaining time to spend with family and friends can help you act with better stress.
In addition to all the above, another important aspect that is required in the vital changes to manage rheumatoid arthritis is the diet, speaking about which Dr. Girish L. Bhalerao, Super Specialty Consultant Orthopedic Surgeon, Wockhardt Hospital, Mira Road said, “Diet will not cure rheumatoid arthritis, but it can help by regulating the inflammation that creates havoc in the body, the nutrients your body needs, and to help maintain a healthy weight.
Speaking particularly about the foods that were to be included in the diet, Dr. Bhalerao suggested choosing a diet high in grains, veggies and fruits, and trying to go for a low-fat, saturated-fat-free, cholesterol-free diet. diet He also suggested adopting a reduced-sugar diet and avoiding certain foods, such as red meat, dairy products, sugar, and high-fructose syrup, as well as previous fish, vegetables, and olive oil, which can help develop or alleviate arthritis. continuing health.
Due to reduced physical exercise, arthritis can easily cause weight gain. Losing weight is one of the most important things your doctor can advise you to do because it can be very helpful in the treatment of arthritis. In this regard, Dr. Chethana D, Consultant – Rheumatology, Aster CMI Hospital, Bangalore said, “Losing weight is an important part of managing arthritis as it can improve mobility, reduce pain and prevent future damage. People with RA should avoid a crash in diet and eating pattern to develop a cycle between it will create space for eating and fasting.”
He also recommends following an autoimmune diet protocol that helps eliminate inflammation. He said, “The Autoimmune Diet Protocol is a new food-based approach that helps reduce unwanted inflammation in the human body. It’s a restrictive diet that includes foods and vegetables to improve gut health, build proper nutrient density, and control blood sugar and the immune system.’